To credit scoring models and lenders, going over your credit limit is a red flag. More, exceeding your credit card’s limit can put your account into default. If that happens, it will be noted on your credit report and be negatively factored into your credit score.
What Happens When You Go Over Your Credit Limit?
- Declined transaction: If you’re at or over your limit, you may not be able to complete a purchase with your credit card.
- Increased interest rate: If you go over your credit limit, the card issuer could begin charging you a much higher annual percentage rate (APR), called a penalty APR or default APR. This higher interest rate will make repaying the debt more difficult because more of your payment will go toward interest.
- Reduced credit accessibility: Because going over the limit is a sign that you may be in financial trouble, the issuer may pull back by lowering your credit limit or even canceling your account.
If your credit card offers over-limit protection and you opt in, you can go over your credit limit with fewer associated troubles. For example, the transactions will go through (up to a set amount, which is determined by the issuer), but likely you’ll be charged a fee when you take advantage of it. Being able to go over the limit may be convenient, but it can also get expensive—and it will still hurt your credit.
What to Do if You Go Over Your Credit Limit
To avoid the consequences associated with going over your credit limit, take action:
- Make a payment immediately. Try to pay enough so your credit utilization ratio is in a healthy place. Start by sending enough to get it under the limit, then drive the balance down so you have at least 70% available credit.
- Concentrate on the problem card. If you have multiple credit cards, but this is the only one where you’ve exceeded your limit, strategize. Make the minimum payments to the others and the most to the card that’s hurting your credit utilization ratio the most.
- Request a credit limit increase. If your credit score is decent, you’ve been managing other accounts well, your income can handle an expanded credit line and you have a positive relationship with the credit card issuer, you can request a higher credit limit. That will instantly improve your credit utilization ratio because you’ll have more available credit.
In the future, avoid getting too close to your credit limit. Many credit card issuers allow cardholders to sign up for email and text alerts when your balance is reaching the danger point. But also keep a close eye on your balances on your own. Make a habit of tracking your spending in real time, and monitoring your statements online weekly if not daily. Stop charging when your debt starts to get too high.